Civil EngineeringConstruction Information

What Is Culvert | Different Shapes of Culverts And Types of Culverts With Full Detail

What Is the Culvert | Different Shapes of Culverts |Types of Culverts With Full Detail

What Is The Culvert And Types Of Culvert With Full Detail

Today in this article I will explain the Culvert definition | Types Of culverts | advantage,s, and disadvantages of culverts in construction,|Different shapes of culverts | What Is Culvert | Different Shapes of Culverts And Types of culverts With Full Detail.What Is Culvert | Different Shapes of Culverts And Types of Culverts With Full Detail

What Is Culvert, Different Shapes of Culverts And Types of Culvert With Full Detail?

A culvert could be a tunnel carrying a stream beneath a road or railway. A waste pipe might act as a bridge for traffic to depart this world. they’re usually found in a very natural flow of water and serve the aim of a bridge or a current flow controller.

Different shapes of culverts

Culverts area units are accessible in several forms like spherical, elliptical, flat-bottomed, pear-shaped, and box-like constructions. Culverts area unit by their load and water flow capacities, lifetime, and installation of bedding and backfill. the kind is predicated on a variety of things as well as hydraulic, upstream elevation, route height, and alternative conditions.

Types of culverts in construction

  • Pipe Arch culvert

  1. With One pipe
  2. With more than one pipe
  • Boxx culvert

  1. With one box
  2. With more than one box
  • Arch culvert
  • Pipe culvert
  • Bridge culvert
  • Metal box culvert

1-Pipe Culvert 

Pipe culverts area unit the foremost common styles of culverts because of competitive worth and straightforward installation. they’re found in several shapes like circular, elliptical, and pipe arch. Generally, their shapes rely upon website conditions and constraints. Pipe culverts on a little scale represent traditional pipes like concrete pipes.

Advantages of The Pipe Culvert

Read More

  1. Column And Types of Column In Building Construction With Detail

  2. Bar Bending Schedule of Circular Column

  3. Bar Bending Schedule of Combined Footing

 The main options for pipe culverts are:

  • It will be created of any desired strength by correct combine style, thickness, and reinforcement.
  • The area unit is economical.
  • These pipes will withhold any tensile stresses and compressive stresses.
  • The crossing of water is below the structure.

Disadvantages of The Pipe culvert

The main disadvantage of pipe drain is that it will be simply unsound at the crown thanks to bacteria‘s organic matter and unleash of harmful gas, which is understood as Crown corrosion.

2-Pipe Arch Culvert


Arch culverts area unit appropriate for giant waterway gaps wherever fishes will be given a larger hydraulic advantage. Moreover, they supply low clearance and area units positively, with a lot of creativity. Pipe arches area units are significantly helpful for sites wherever headroom is proscribed and even have a hydraulic advantage at low flows.

Advantages of Pipe Arch Culver

The options for pipe arch culverts are:

  • Limited headroom condition
  • Improved hydraulic capability at a coffee flow
  • Aesthetic form and look
  • Lightweight
  • Easy to put in

3-Boxx Culvert

Box culverts area unit created of concrete and particularly, RCC (Reinforced Concrete). the foremost difficult half of constructing a box drain is that a dry surface is required for putting it in it. However, thanks to the strength of the concrete floor, the water direction will be modified once an outsized quantity of water is anticipated. This feature makes box culverts, one of the foremost ordinarily found sorts of the drain.

Advantages of The Boxx Culvert

Box Culverts area unit economical for the explanations mentioned below:

  • The box waste pipe could be a rigid frame structure and really straightforward in construction
  • It is appropriate for non-perennial streams wherever scrub depth isn’t important however the soil is weak.
  • The bottom block of the box waste pipe reduces pressure on the soil.
  • Box culverts area unit economical thanks to their rigidity and monolithic action and separate foundations don’t seem to be needed.
  • It is employed in special cases, with a weak foundation.

4-Arch Culvert

An arch waste pipe is formed of metal, stone masonry, concrete, RCC, etc. Construction doesn’t take heaps of your time and in contrast to box waste pipe, water diversion isn’t necessary, because it is put in while not worrying about the water current. Thus, it is termed a coffee Profile waste pipe. this sort of waste pipe maintains the natural integrity of the wash bed.

Advantages of The Arch Culvert

The advantages of victimization arch culverts over ancient box culverts and pipe culverts area unit as follows:

  • Cost savings
  • Accelerated construction schedule
  • Greater hydraulic potency
  • Pleasing aesthetics
  • Design-build advantage

5-Bridge Culvert

Bridge waste pipes serve a twin purpose. It acts each as a bridge and a waste pipe. Generally, rectangular in form, bridge culverts are unit created on rivers and canals. A foundation is ordered beneath the bottom level and pavement surface is ordered on high of the series of culverts. Generally, we are able to term it as a Multi-Purpose waste pipe.

Advantages of the Bridge Culvert

Following area units the most options of bridge culvert:

  • Extension of the network by acting as a repeater
  • Very sturdy
  • Allows traffic to expire it
  • Highly sturdy foundation
  • Most pricey stream crossings

6-Metal Boxx Culvert

The metal box waste pipe is the economic difference between the bridge. These bridges area unit factory-made from a typical structural plate or deep-corrugated structural plate.  They’re the proper bridge replacement maintaining constant road grade level.

Advantages of The Metal Box Culvert

The advantages area unit as follows:

  • Durability
  • Shorter construction amount and simple installation
  • Deformation ability
  • Long service life

Learn More 

  1. What Is The Lintel And Types of Lintel In Construction With Full Details

  2. How To Calculate The Bricks Quantity For The Room

  3. What Is The Building And Components of The Building

Thanks for Reading Article Get more Information and share it with others.



Raja Numan

Hi, My name is Engr. Raja Numan author of Engineering Information Hub and I am a Civil Engineer by Profession and I've specialized in the field of Quantity Surveying, Land Surveying as QC Engineer in national and multinational companies of Pakistan & Saudi Arabia.


  1. It’s nice that you pointed out how a culvert could be a tunnel carrying a stream beneath a road or railway. I was reading a civil engineering book earlier and read a small bit about culverts. I think I’ve seen some of them before, and I heard they use culvert pipes too.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button
error: Content is protected !!